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ITINERARY 6

Apartments Verona Downtoown Il Vicolo

Ponte Nuovo

The church of San Fermo is one of the most interesting religious buildings of Verona, consisting of two churches connected and overlapping each other. Unique in the Romanesque style which blends harmoniously with the Gothic.
The lower church was built between 1065 and 1143, on the ruins of an ancient parish church of the fifth century, already dedicated to Saints Fermo and Rustico that in this place had been martyred. The upper church was built in the first decades of the fourteenth century by Franciscan monks, who left intact Romanesque lower church and gave the higher the current gothic style, enriching it through the centuries with the original keel ceiling, frescoes, cusps and numerous works art.
The lower part is made of tuff and belongs to the previous Romanesque church, the upper part is typically Gothic, with its wall covering in alternating bands of tuff and brick, which opens onto a large four-light window, surmounted by a three-light window set between two niches.
Complete the splendid overview of the Romanesque portal with its deep splay to multiple cords and the bronze doors, recently conducted by maestro Luciano Minguzzi, where you can see 24 panels that tell the story of the Saints Fermo and Rustico. Also note the statue of St. Francis, set in the lunette above the portal, and the ark of burial in which lie the remains of Aventine Fracastoro, placed on the left of the steps leading to the entrance.
The interior of the wide upper church has a Latin cross, has a single nave with five apses and side altars. Upon entering the eye is immediately fascinated by the fourteenth-century wooden ceiling of a ship's hull, adorned with a double gallery of arches on which are painted busts of the saints.
They kept also the frescoes of Pisanello and sculptures by Michele Sanmicheli.

Arrivati in fondo a via Mazzini troviamo a sinistra piazza Erbe (per molti secoli il fulcro della vita sociale, economica e politica di Verona) e a destra via Cappello. Anch’essa, come via Mazzini, è pedonale ed impreziosita da eleganti negozi e locali di ristoro. Al civico 23 c’è la Casa di Giulietta, in cui secondo la tradizione abitava la famiglia Capuletti.
Proseguendo verso Porta Leoni sia raggiunge uno slargo, occupato un tempo dal gotico palazzo Bertani (fu distrutto durante la seconda Guerra Mondiale e l'area è rimasta vuota per ricordarne le devastazioni), su cui si affacciano le vetrine di alcuni grandi magazzini e della Biblioteca Civica, il più ricco istituto bibliotecario veronese. Aperta al pubblico dal 1802, utilizzando le grandi sale appartenute ad un convento gesuita e alla chiesa di San Sebastiano, è un eccellente centro di documentazione e la fedele custode della memoria cittadina, in cui sono custodite opere d’incredibile valore.
Poco oltre si erge la maestosa Porta Leoni, arrivata sino ai nostri giorni in un mirabile stato di conservazione; fu costruita nel I secolo d.C. utilizzando prospetti in pietra bianca che vennero addossati ad una preesistente porta repubblicana.
Murata in un palazzo del XIII secolo rimane una metà verticale della parte rivolta verso l'interno della città. Grazie ad una attenta opera di recupero, due metri sotto il livello stradale, sono visibili anche la base di una delle due torri difensive laterale, uno scorcio delle mura e frammenti della pavimentazione interna (il livello stradale dell'epoca romana era più in basso rispetto a quello attuale). Alzando lo sguardo vediamo davanti a noi il campanile di San Fermo, uno degli edifici religiosi più interessanti della città e composto da due chiese sovrapposte. E’ una basilica dove lo stile romanico si fonde con il gotico, la cui facciata è divisa in due da una galleria d'archetti. La parte inferiore, in tufo, appartiene ad una chiesa romanica; quella superiore è gotica, con un rivestimento murario a fasce alternate di tufo e cotto.

Via Leoncino

The monument that more than any other reminds the Roman origins of the city and its symbol worldwide. Every summer since 1913, its bleachers welcome six hundred thousand spectators of the world's greatest opera season.
The Verona Arena is a great amphitheater, the third largest among those left to us and the best preserved, although in 1183 a strong earthquake has destroyed the triple order of overlapping arches that surrounded him entirely. Today remains of that facing only a glimpse, a wing consisting of four bays which we can imagine the grandeur of the original appearance. Perfectly intact is instead the internal order, uninterrupted sequence consisting of 72 double stone arches that create an ellipse hundred and ten meters wide and one hundred and forty long.
Built in the first century A.D. with marble from quarries in the province, has internally an oval shape with a major axis of about seventy meters and a minor axis of forty-five meters. The large auditorium is formed by forty-five steps which have an average height of many centimeters.
During the years of the empire received numerous gladiatorial combats, cited by Pliny the Younger, and over the centuries hosted performances of all kinds: tournaments, jousts, duels, ballets, circuses and representations of prose. In the nineteenth century it was also used for hot-air balloon ascents and bullfights, which in 1805 also witnessed Napoleon Bonaparte.
Since the summer of 1913 hosts a grand opera season, commissioned by the tenor Giovanni Veronese Zenatello to celebrate the centenary of the birth of Giuseppe Verdi. The first opera to be performed on August 10 was Aida, the most spectacular of Verdi's operas and perfectly suited to the grandeur of the amphitheater, supported by a wonderful acoustics.
She was born the largest open-air opera season in the world and since then the number of spectators has always honored its inventors: every summer the arena is home to hundreds of thousands of spectators.

A few minutes walk from "Il Vicolo" Apartments Verona center. This name probably derives from Braida (from the German breit: wide) and it is certainly the most famous square in Verona, the perimeter of which is marked by the range of the Arena, the alignment of the beautiful old buildings that overlook the Liston, from the seventeenth century Gran Guardia Palace, site of important events throughout the year, the Town Hall, in the neoclassical style, closes the square to the east. The architect Sanmicheli and his school, starting in the sixteenth century, have helped to define the shape of this square. At the center, a cool garden by trees.
Coming from the south side of Verona, you enter the city by taking the course which takes its name from Porta Nuova. On the bottom of the street, you will see the entrance to the retaining walls that mark the medieval Verona: two arches of brick and stone, surmounted by a clock, on the right, a unique five-sided tower, the Pentagonal tower, leans against the building of the Great guard, built between 1609 and 1614 and finished in 1821. To the left leads to the walk on the walls and an interesting lapidary museum of ancient inscriptions, which overlooks the courtyard of the Accademia Filarmonica.
Passing from the gates of Bra, you immediately enter in the square and the Liston with its many cafes and restaurants. On the north side of Piazza Bra, Arena side of the wing, is accessed via Mazzini, one of the main streets for shopping lovers.

Teatro Filarmonico

Via Roma

Originally it was called the castle of San Martino in Aquaro and is, after the Arena, the most grandiose and imposing monument of the city. Assumed its present name after the construction of Castelvecchio's Castle of St. Peter.
It 'a very large castle, which impresses with its imposing appearance and its shape is definitely military, accentuated by battlements along the walls and corner towers covered by the seven, in which the ancient residential use today is evidenced by the remains of the original fresco decoration visible in some rooms. Was erected between 1354 and 1357 by Can Grande della Scala II, that in an era of wars tumultuous sought to transfer his court in a safe manor.
The complex consists of two parts, divided by the imposing thirteenth-century walls. To the left, coming from Via Roma, is the Palace of the Scala family, protected by a narrow courtyard with a double row of walls. At the center stands the high main tower (the tower of the keep) from which soars over the river bridge Scaliger, with three arches, and fortified battlements, which integrates the defensive system of the castle, forming a magnificent example of fourteenth-century engineering. On the right side of the structure is a large rectangular courtyard, originally intended to parade at the center lies a curious fountain in the shape of dog, a symbol of fidelity Scala.
Miscellaneous ups were the vicissitudes of the castle, often used as a fortress. Under Venetian rule was intended to arsenal and garrison during the Napoleonic occupation was modified the structure and built the body of the building along the river, with the Austrians it was used as barracks for the troops of occupation. In 1923 he became a museum, home of civic art collections at the time held at Palazzo Pompei, and subjected to a first restoration. In 1943 it hosted the Verona process by which the leaders were sentenced to death who had done depose Mussolini and by the end of the war was damaged by Allied bombing.
From 1958 to 1964 Castelvecchio was the subject of a new restoration and redevelopment of a museum designed by the architect Carlo Scarpa, who with his speech has brought to light the original structures wherever possible, freeing them from the additions and highlighting the successive layers.
Today is also home to the headquarters of the Castelvecchio Museum in Verona with a picture gallery, a sculpture gallery and an art library, open to the public. One of the most important collections of Italian art.

On the opposite side of the center with respect to the residence "Il Vicolo". One of the masterpieces of Romanesque architecture in Italy, the Basilica of San Zeno is one of the most important buildings of the city. And 'dedicated to the eighth bishop of Verona, a saint of African origin that are attributed many miracles and the conversion of the Venetian populations.
The original building dates back to the fourth century, when a small church was built near the tomb of the saint. Elongated and enlarged in 1117 after the earthquake that struck northern Italy, was completed in 1398 and renovated in the ceiling of the apse in the Gothic style. The façade, tuff and marble features a large rose window, the work of Brioloto. Magnificent portal, a precious artifact coated with 48 bronze panels made between the tenth and twelfth centuries by different authors. There are scenes from the life of Christ and the Old Testament. On the sides of the portal deserve attention bas-reliefs of the twelfth century, with sacred and profane of biblical inspiration on King Theodoric.
To the right of the basilica stands a tower of 72 meters which reflects the style of alternating bands of tuff and brick, and which contains the oldest bells in Verona, merged in 1149. On the left the cloister and the crenellated tower, the last remains of a great Benedictine abbey. The interior of the church with a Latin cross plan with three naves, has a peculiar subdivision on three levels: the crypt is at the bottom, topped first by the Church Plebana and then by the Presbytery (or Upper Church) which is accessed by two staircases in marble. Particularly interesting are the baptismal font of the twelfth century, the great monolithic porphyry cup, placed on the left of the entrance, from the Roman Baths and the two wings of frescoes, made between two hundred and three hundred, which testify to the evolution of ' pictorial art in Verona.
The works are housed in the apse of greater value greater: the triptych by Mantegna depicting the Madonna Enthroned, and the great marble statue of San Zeno. Made in the thirteenth century, depicting the saint smiling good-naturedly while holding the pastoral staff from which hangs a fish. From the central staircase leads to the crypt, where he kept the body of the saint. Divided into nine aisles with arches supported by 49 columns (all with different capitals) is a pleasant mixture of styles and eras. The remains of the saint, whose face is covered with a silver mask, are kept in a glass case and wrapped in a bishop's dress.
The cloister is Romanesque in style and dates back to the twelfth century, composed of numerous small arches supported by coupled columns, contains ancient tombs, frescoes and a shrine which contained the wash of the friars.

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